US-based logistics and online retail company Amazon was the top investor globally between September 2015 and August 2016, according to data from greenfield investment monitor fDi Markets. Amazon made 59 investments in the 12-month period, nearly 60% of which was in logistics, distribution and transportation.
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Most of the projects (37%) were created in the UK, including a warehouse in Wythenshawe in December 2015, which created 1500 jobs. The company was also named top investor for western Europe.
Germany-based Deutsche Post ranked in second place, investing in 53 projects during the same time period. Western Europe was the main destination market for Deutsche Post, followed by Asia-Pacific, emerging Europe and North America, which each received six investments.
The company’s subsidiary, DHL Supply Chain, announced a $171m investment to double its presence in Mexico between 2016 and 2020 as part of a development strategy announced in 2012, which focused on expanding in line with growth opportunities in the BRIC countries and Mexico.
Japan-based Mitsubishi Corporation ranked third, investing in 49 projects in the 12-month period. Nearly 38% of the company’s investments were in the industrial machinery, equipment and tools sector, more than 10% in real estate and over 8% in each of automotive OEM, chemicals, and food and tobacco sectors. The company was also named Asia-Pacific’s top investor for 2016.
North America’s top investor was Japan-based automotive company Toyota Motor. In April 2016, the company announced investments in two R&D centres in the US – one in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and a second in Plano, Texas. Investment in R&D operations accounted for more than 60% of all Toyota Motor’s FDI in North America in the 12-month period.
Latin America has been a focus for Spain-based Telefonica Group, a telecommunications specialist that has been named Latin America’s top investor for 2016. In May the group announced development plans in several countries, including an expansion of its 3G and 4G network in Argentina at a cost of nearly $645m.
A 5000-square-metre tier-three data centre was opened in Chile and the company’s wireless network was expanded in Mexico, as part of the company’s strategy to enter new markets and connect rural populations.
Germany-based Daimler has been named as emerging Europe’s Investor of the Year for 2016. The company invested in eight projects in the region between September 2015 and August 2016, including a $1.12bn investment in a manufacturing plant in Kecskemét, Hungary, which will provide 2500 jobs when the facility is completed in 2020. Manufacturing plants were also announced in Jawor in Poland, Aksaray in Turkey and Cugir in Romania.
Huawei tops Middle East
Telecom giant Huawei Technologies has been named as the top investor for the Middle East region, investing in seven projects. The company announced plans to establish an innovation laboratory in Ar Rayyan, Qatar in February 2016, and in May 2016 revealed plans to establish a research centre in Dubai.
The company also plans to establish an ICT competency centre in Saudi Arabia, which will have the capacity to train 4500 professionals when it opens in 2019.
Africa’s top investor for 2016 was UK-based banking group Old Mutual, which made nine investments in the region during the time period analysed. The company invested in Namibia and Kenya through its Nedbank and Faulu Microfinance Bank subsidiaries.
For this ranking, the fDi Intelligence division of the Financial Times reviewed FDI data globally between September 2015 and August 2016. The data was recorded from fDi Markets, the online FDI tracking tool from fDi Intelligence. This data was then analysed and a ranking was compiled, ranking parent companies by the number of investment projects in the time period. Regional awards were given for the top investors within a region in the time period.