According to data from fDi Markets, the trend looks set to continue through 2010, with the US receiving the highest-ever number of second-quarter projects.
The rise in Chinese investments coincides with an increasing number of trade missions to the country from state investment promotion agencies.
US states attracting the most Chinese investment were California, New York, Texas and Georgia.
On the other side, the US remains the largest investor in China, but figures show that Japan has caught up in recent months. The two countries are far and away the largest investors in China, investing more than double the amount of Germany, which has the most projects in China of any European nation.